The Certainty of Russia's Meddling in the 2016 Election

I'm currently working on a research paper about the email hacks of the 2016 US Presidential Election - specifically those against the DNC and against Clinton chairman Podesta.

That made a recent Tweet from Donald Trump get my attention:
The line that truly gets to me is his referring to "the so-called Russian Meddling". My paper isn't focused on their meddling in general but rather on the hacking. On that front there is certainty that Russia was behind the hacks.

Specifically, in September 2015 the FBI warned the DNC their computers had been compromised by Russian hackers. Failing to reach anyone in authority, they warned again in November of 2015 that one of their computers was sending information to Russia (CNN Library, 2018). In June of 2016 the Washington Post reports that the Russian government had penetrated the DNC's computer network. The firm CrowdStrike identifies two hacker groups, both working for the Russian government, dubbed Cozy Bear and Fancy Bear (Nakashima, 2016).

Cozy Bear gained access initially, back in July of 2015. They are believed to be associated with Russia's foreign intelligence service, SVR (Modderkolk, 2018). Fancy Bear broke in later and is associated with the GRU (Thielman & Ackerman, 2016). While Guccifer 2.0 claimed credit for the latter attack, that claim suffered a severe blow when, in 2018, that user neglected to activate their VPN to mask their location - an IP address in Moscow at GRU headquarters (Newman, 2018). Guccifer 2.0 is almost certainly not a hacker per se but rather a persona created by GRU (Schwartz, 2018).

I'll be posting more on this over time - as well as continuing my posts on polling and big data in the 2016 election. But it is absurdity to suggest the email hacks were due to anything other than Russian meddling in the 2016 election.

Works Cited

CNN Library. (2018, February 21). 2016 Presidential Campaign Hacking Fast Facts. CNN. Retrieved from

Modderkolk, H. (2018, January 25). Dutch agencies provide crucial intel about Russia's interference in US-elections. de Volkskrant. Retrieved from

Nakashima, E. (2016, June 14). Russian government hackers penetrated DNC, stole opposition research on Trump. Washington Post. Retrieved from

Newman, L. H. (2018, March 25). Yes, Even Elite Hackers Make Dumb Mistakes. Wired. Retrieved from

Schwartz, M. J. (2018, March 27). Analysis: VPN Fail Reveals 'Guccifer 2.0' is 'Fancy Bear'. Bank Info Security. Retrieved from

Thielman, S., & Ackerman, S. (2016, July 29). Cozy Bar and Fancy Bear: did Russians hack Democratic party and if so, why? The Guardian. Retrieved from

Russian Bear Image Credit: Copyright: gattsura / 123RF Stock Photo


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